Agriculture and Food
We do our best to address all the problems related to agriculture and food. You will have the opportunity to discover some of the best Haitian dishes as well
What you will need to make Haitian Accra:
• 1 lb of malanga
• 2 cups of oil
• 1 cup of fresh black eyed peas
• 1/2 tsp. of baking powder
• 1 tsp. of salt
• 1 tbsp. of flour
• 1 tsp. black pepper
• 1 egg (beaten)
• 1 scallion
• 1 scotch bonnet pepper
• 1/2 an onion or 1 shallot
• 1/4 of a green bell pepper
• 1 clove of garlic
What you should do:
1) Grate the malanga to the quantity of two cups.
2) Combine in a blender the black eyed peas, salt and black pepper, 1/2 a cup of water, onion or shallot, scallion, scotch bonnet pepper, garlic, and green bell pepper and bring to the consistency of the malanga.
3) Mix the malanga in a bowl with the mixture of black eyed peas.
4) Add the beaten egg and mix.
5) Add flour and baking powder and mix until thoroughly combined and to a nice consistency.
6) Heat oil and gently drop the batter in by the tablespoonful. Do not crowd the pot, nor turn the fritters until their bottom halves are very dark brown in color.
7) Remove any splattered bits or small pieces that have broken away from bigger fritters from the oil to avoid burning and clutter.
8) Turn fritters over and fry to equal readiness on the new sides.
9) Remove the fritters from the oil and use a paper towel to drain any excess oil. Serve while hot.
What you will need to make Poul ak Nwa - Chicken with Cashews
• 6 Chicken pieces (Three thighs and three legs preferably)
• 1 tbsp. of Tomato Paste
• 1 Lime
• 1 1/2 cups of water
• 4 tbsp. parsley
• 4 tbsp. garlic
• 4 tbsp. thyme
• 4 tbsp. scallions
• Salt (to taste)
• 4 tbsp. onion powder
• 1 cup of cashews (raw)
• 2 tbsp. of Olive Oil
• 1/2 tsp. of black pepper
• 1 cup diced tomatoes
• 1 large onion (red or white)
• 1 1/2 tbsp. chicken bouillon (optional)
• 1/4 tsp. of chopped hot pepper (optional)
What you should do:
1) Juice the lime and set juice aside.
2) Clean chicken pieces with the squeezed lime then rinse in cold water and use paper towel to pat the pieces dry.
3) Combine chicken and parsley, black pepper, garlic, thyme, onion powder, scallions, reserved lemon juice, salt and pepper, then marinate for two hours (preferably overnight).
4) In a heavy pot, add chicken and let stew on medium flame for 15 to 20 minutes, stirring occasionally.
5) Boil cashews in a separate pot in water until cooked halfway. Drain and set water aside as well as cashews.
6) Empty pot of chicken and its juices, then add oil and tomato paste to the pot while stirring. Cook tomato paste for a few minutes and add chicken to be browned all around, stirring constantly to avoid sticking.
7) Add tomatoes, bouillon, onions and hot pepper. Cook for five minutes then stir in cashews, adding water from cashews as necessary.
8) Cook for a half hour or until chicken and cashews are cooked. Season with salt and pepper and serve hot.
Enjoy this tasty cornmeal dish hot and with sliced avocados on the side.
What you will need to make Corn Meal or Mais Mouline::
• 1 cup of corn meal
• 1 tbsp. of oil
• 4 cups of water
• 1 tsp. of parsley
• 2 clove of garlic (minced)
• 1 tsp. thyme
• 1/2 of an onion (chopped finely)
• Salt and black pepper (to taste)
• Hot pepper (to taste)
• 2 scallions (chopped)
• 1 cup kidney beans (dried)
• 4 cloves
• 1 400ml can of coconut milk
• 1 ripe avocado (large and slightly soft)
What you should do in making Corn Meal (Mais Mouline):
1) Soak kidney beans overnight in 3 cups of water.
2) Drain the next day and cook in pressure cooker with enough water to cover beans until they are tender. You may use a normal pot to boil the beans if you don't have a pressure cooker. Just add another cup of water and cook on low heat for an hour to an hour and a half. Then, separate beans from the liquid, saving both.
3) In a mortar, grind all spices together with a pestle.
4) Heat the oil in a deep, heavy pot and sauté the booked beans with the ground spices and onion for 5 minutes. Stir in coconut milk, salt, cloves and the water from the beans and bring to a boil. Stirring vigorously to avoid lumps, add cornmeal to the mixture.
5) Stir regularly while cooking for 40 minutes along the side of the pot with a wooden spoon to prevent sticking.
6) Add salt and pepper to tast.
An extremely popular Haitian dish, usually served with fried plantains (Bannan Peze) is Griot. This is pork shoulder, cubed, marinated, boiled and then fried to golden brown perfection.
What you will need:
• 3 lbs of pork shoulder (cut into 1-2 inch cubes)
• 1 cup of orange juice (bitter)
• 1/2 cup of shallots (chopped)
• Salt, pepper and hot pepper (to taste)
• 1 tsp. thyme.
• 1/2 cup vegetable oil
• 1 large onion (chopped)
• 3 cloves
• 1/4 cup parsley
• 2 limes
• 3-4 cups of water
What you should do to make Fried Pork or Haitian Griot:
1. Mix into a paste the hot pepper, onions, thyme, shallots, cloves, garlic, parsley and paprika with a tbsp. of lime juice. Set aside.
2. Use the remaining lime halves to clean pork and rinse with cold water. Then, in a medium-sized bowl, use hands to mix paste, pork and orange juice together. Cover and let sit in refrigerator for 45 minutes to up to a day.
3. Add pork with water to pot and boil until tender (for about half an hour to 45 minutes). Drain.
4. Heat oil and fry boiled pork pieces until crispy (for a healthier option, one may bake the pieces at a high temperature until golden brown.
5. Drain on paper towels and serve with Fried Plantain, rice and pikliz.
Of note: the remaining juice after the boiling of the pork may be used to make a sauce to accompany the dish.
A drink straight from our ancestors, the Haitian Akasan is our version of the popular indigenous cornmeal drinks popular throughout the Americas. Passed down from our Taino forbearers, this meal can be served hot or cold, in a cup or a dish. It's a particular Sunday Morning breakfast favorite when served with fresh rolls of bread.
What you will need to make Haitian Akasan or Corn Flour Drink:
• 2 sticks of cinnamon
• 1 cup of corn flour (very fine)
• Brown or white sugar (to taste)
• 4-6 anise stars
• 1 can of evaporated milk (12 ounces)
• Dash of salt
• 1 tsp. vanilla extract
• Lime zest
What you should do to make Haitian Akasan - AK100:
1) Bring to a boil 4 cups of water flavored with the cinnamon, anise stars and salt.
2) In 1 cup of cold water, mix the corn flour thoroughly with a dash of salt.
3) Turn the heat down under the boiling flavored water and pour corn and water solution slowly into the boiling water while stirring.
4) Keep stirring for about five minutes until the mixture becomes thick in consistency. For a grainier texture from the cornmeal, cook for an additional 2 minutes.
5) Put in vanilla extract, can of evaporated milk and lime zest.
6) Remove cinnamon sticks and anise stars before consuming.
7) For a warm drink, do not refrigerate and serve with sugar and warm evaporated milk added to your taste.
8) Alternately, allow the drink to completely cool and then refrigerate.
9) If consuming cold, keep refrigerated overnight and serve with sugar and evaporated milk, added to your taste as you would when drinking coffee.
Pikliz is a popular and traditional side-dish served as a salad, as part of a marinade, or as a flavor-enhancer to prepared Haitian foods. A very hot brew of several types of peppers and a sliced medley of vegetables pickled in vinegar, the heat level can be adjusted by adding more or less of Scotch bonnet peppers.
To make Pikliz, prepare a large enough quantity (50 servings) you can use over a several-month period. For 50 servings you will need:
• 6 Scotch bonnet peppers
• 2 cups of slivered or shredded cabbage
• 1/2 cup of slivered or shredded carrots
• 1/4 cup slivered or shredded onion
• 1/4 cup of frozen peas
• 4 whole cloves
• 1 teaspoon salt (if you want)
• 8-10 peppercorns
• 3 cups of white vinegar
Krémas is pungent Haitian-style egg nog--but without the eggs--a festive drink prepared during the Christmas holidays in Haiti. The preparation is simple and shouldn't take more than 15 minutes, if you are an organized cook.
The tools needed to make Krémas are:
• a large punch bowl
• a whisk
• a ring of measuring spoons
• 1-cup measuring cup
• 1 wooden spoon for removing the cream of coconut from the can
• 6 to 8 cordial glasses
To prepare, assemble the following ingredients:
• 2-12 oz. cans of Carnation evaporated milk
• 4-12 oz. cans of sweetened condensed milk
• 1-15 oz. can sweetened cream of coconut
• 1 tsp. Mc Cormicks vanilla extract
• 1 tsp. Mc Cormicks almond extract
• 1 grated anise star
• 1 tsp. Mc Cormicks cinnamon
• 1 tsp. Mc Cormicks grated nutmeg
• 1 lime or lemon zest and juice of one lime or lemon
• 1/2 to 2 cups of 80-proof 5-star Barbancourt Dark Rum, or Bacardi Light Rum
Haitian cooks make two versions of macaroni au gratin in their kitchens: quick-and-easy and gourmet style.
Quick-and-Easy Macaroni au Gratin
Assemble the following ingredients:
• 16 oz. cheese sauce
• 12 oz. carnation milk
• 2 tsp.. garlic powder
• 8 oz. prepared ziti
• 1 diced onion
• 4 diced green peppers
• salt to taste
• 3 tbspn. tomato paste
Haitian marinades are a spiced batter, deep-fried. Three types of marinades are made in Haiti: fish, chicken, and vegetarian.
Fish Marinade uses smoked herring or codfish. Gather following:
• 1 egg yolk
• 1 cup smoked herring or codfish
• 2 egg whites
• 1 tbspn salt
• 2 scallions
• 2 tbspn parsley
• 1 tsp each lime juice and hot sauce
• 1 cup flour
• 1 tbspn baking powder
• 2 1/2 cups water
• 1/4 cup oil
Combine all ingredients except oil, flour, and baking powder. Mix flour with baking powder in a separate bowl. Add flour/baking-powder mixture to rest of ingredients to make batter. Spoon dollops of batter into hot oil, turning them until brown.
Haitian style Pain Patate, or sweet potato bread is a baked pudding. It is traditionally made with boniatas as regular sweet potatoes give a much stronger color to the treat than white potatoes. Either way, you should enjoy this tasty pastry.
What you will need:
• 2 lbs of sweet potatoes (white, washed, peeled and cut)
• 1 banana (large, peeled and cut into 1 inch slices)
• 1 cup sugar (brown)
• 1/2 cup raisins (seedless)
• 1 tsp. ginger (grated)
• 1/4 tsp. salt
• 12 oz can of evaporated milk
• 1 tsp. vanilla extract
• 1/2 tsp nutmeg (grated)
• 1tsp cinnamon (ground)
• 1 1/2 cups of coconut milk
• 1 grated lemon rind
• 3 tsp. melted butter
What you should do:
1. Preheat your oven to 375 degrees.
2. In a mixing bowl, grate the sweet potatoes.
3. Mash the banana into the grated sweet potatoes.
4. One by one, mix in all the remaining ingredients except for 1 tbsp. of the brown sugar. Continue until all are completely mixed into the batter.
5. Line or grease a 9 by 13 inch baking pan then evenly spread mixture in.
6. Top evenly with the reserved brown sugar. This will caramelize the top of the pudding for a wonderful color.
7. Bake for about an hour and a half. You can check for its doneness by inserting a clean toothpick into the center. If the toothpick comes away clean, the pudding is done.
8. Let cool and serve.
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