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Haiti Observer

It was in September 1804 that Dessalines proclaimed himself Emperor of Haiti

Jean-Jacques Dessalines as Emperor Jacques I of Haiti

In 1758, Jean-Jacques Dessalines was born in Central West Africa. He was enslaved in the French colony of Saint-Domingue (Haiti). His biography is a mix of legend and history. However, most historians believe that he was born in Saint-Domingue as Jean-Jacques Duclos, the name of his father was adopted it from his owner. Dessalines started his career as a field hand, rose up to the role of foreman. When he was around age 30, he was sold to a free black man named Dessalines and his surname was changed again. Dessalines served as an officer in the French army when the colony was trying to resist the Spanish and British invaders. In 1791, he joined the slave revolution that broke out in the colony and met the rising military commander Toussaint Bréda (later known as Toussaint L'Ouverture). Gradually, in the decade that followed, Dessalines established himself as a lieutenant of the black leader Toussaint L'Ouverture, who became the governor-general of Saint-Domingue with French support as a reward for his loyalty to France.

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Is government secretly imprisoning people in Haiti

Victims of Enforced Disappearances

The United Nations (UN), Amnesty International and some other human rights organization observes the International Day of on August 30 each year.

"An enforced disappearance (or forced disappearance) occurs when a person is secretly abducted or imprisoned by a state or political organization or by a third party with the authorization, support, or acquiescence of a state or political organization without admitting the person's fate and whereabouts, within the intent of placing the victim outside the protection of the law." An enforced disappearance is a form of human rights violation. This practice has frequently been used as a strategy to spread terror and insecurity within the society. It is a global problem and is not restricted to a specific region of the world. The day is also known as International Day of the Disappeared. It is not a public holiday, a UN observance since August 30, 2011.

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Police Inspector Michel Jumel shot dead in Tap Tap at Delmas 83

Police Inspector assassinated in a Tap Tap at Delmas 83

On Thursday, August 25, around 10:00AM Police Inspector Michel Jumel who was traveling in Delmas 83 in a Tap Tap was deadly hit by two bullets. The officer was not in uniform at the time. It appears that the killing was a set up.It was reported that just before the shooting, the bandits menaced some of the passengers in the Tap Tap but only targeted Inspector Michel Jumel

What do you think?

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Jovenel Moise came first in latest Brides Survey

Who is Jovenel Moise?

A survey conducted by the Haitian surveys firm Brides has Jovenel Moise once again leading the presidential race in Haiti. He is estimated to be winning 41 percent of the votes, while Jude Celestin is trailing with 25.2% of likely voters. Here is the actual ranking by candidate:

Jovenel Moïse (P.H.T.K) - 4,868 votes (41.0%)
Jude Célestin (LAPEH) - 2,994 votes (25.2%)
Jean Charles Mouise (Pitit Dessalin) - 1,487 votes (12.5%)
Maryse Narcisse (Fanmi Lavalas) - 901 votes (7.6%)
Jean Henry Céant (Renmen Ayiti) - 209 votes (1.8%)
Beauzile Edmonde Ssupplice - (FUSION) 77 votes (0.6%)
Jean·Chavannes Jeune (Canaan) - 45 votes (0.4%)
Jean Clarens Rendis (UNIR) - 43 votes (0.4%)
Maxo Joseph (Randevous) - 43 votes (0.4%)
Daniel Dupiton (CONAPPH) - 32 votes (0.3%)
Jean Hervé Charles (PENH) - 24 votes (0.2%)
Luckner Désir (MPH) 24 votes - (0.2%)
Jacques Sampeur (KLE) 23 votes - (0.2%)
Roland Magloire (PDI) 19 votes - (0.2%)

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Michel Ange Gedeon, ratified by the Senate as new Police Chief of Haiti

Michel-Ange Gedeon, Director General of the National Police

Michel Ange Gedeon has finally been nominated as Director General of the National Police of Haiti. The Senate of the Republic ratified Mr Gideon for 3 years to remain in control of the National Police of Haiti.

In last February (29th), Michel-Ange Gédéon was promoted to the post of Inspector General of the National Police of Haiti (PNH) from his earlier offices, Divisional Commissioner and former head of the West Departmental Office (DDO). In last April, he was installed as the Director General of the Haitian National Police, replacing his predecessor Godson Orélus, appointed during the Martelly regime. He submitted 14 of the 16 requested documents to the Senate Justice and Public Safety Committee being led by Jean Renel Senatus (LIDE/Ouest). However, his appointment was held in an interim status, subject to a ratification by the Senate of the Republic. Finally, his installation has been legitimized by the Senate through a ratification on Thursday, August 25, 2016. During his installation while replacing Godson Orélus in last April, Gédéon had said, "Politics have hurt our institution. Under my leadership, I want a neutral police force, far from politics and professional."

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U.S. to Haiti Give me my money back

Haiti Minister of the Economy and finance, Yves Romain Bastien

In Haiti's 2015 presidential elections, the United States, along with other international bodies, provided a total of US$38 million to Haiti's Conseil Electoral Provisoire (Provisional Electoral Council, CEP). The U.S. spent $33 million on the 2015 elections and in last July, has threatened to withhold further funds, because during the last elections, political turmoil resulted massive frauds and unacceptable election results, and following that President Privert announced his decision to re-run the presidential race. Later, President Privert assured the public that the elections of October 9, 2016, will be funded nationally. He has affirmed that the $55 million needed for the elections is available in the public treasury. As per Finance Minister Yves Romain Bastien, the election money received for the last election was never in the hands of the Haitian authorities. He has also said that the upcoming polls would be largely paid for through funds collected from a port, the central bank and Haiti's National Credit Bank. Funding of other government programs would be largely excluded because the port and two banks are good profit making concerns which they ordinarily do not share with the state, he added.

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August 23: Remembrance of the Slave Trade and Its Abolition

UN pays tribute to heroes of abolition of Slave trade

August 23 of each year, is the day of observance for International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition.

The day has been designated by UNESCO to memorialize the 'transatlantic slave trade' which took place across the Atlantic Ocean from the 15th through 19th centuries. Transatlantic slave trade is one of the darkest chapters in human history. For over 400 years, more than 15 million men, women and children were the victims of this tragic practice. The commemoration of this observance recalls that the slave trade is not just a thing of the past-- with the changes of time, it has taken different shapes in the modern society. The day has a significant importance to Haiti, because during the night of August 22 to August 23, 1791, on the island of Saint Domingue (now known as Haiti), an uprising began which later became a major factor in the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade.

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Born between August 23 and September 22, you are Virgo

Virgo, the sixth sign of the zodiac

If you were born between August 23 and September 22 of any year, your zodiac sign, i.e., more specifically, your 'Sun Sign' would be Virgo, because every year, during this period, the sun passes through the Virgo sign of the zodiac circle. Virgo is the sixth house in the zodiac circle, its earlier houses are, Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, and Leo.

Mercury is the owner of this sixth house. In astrology, Mercury represents the quality of intelligence, wit and humor in a person. It is also the planet of day-to-day expression and communication. During Sun's one month transit in the house, the natives of Virgo sign receive the combined effect of both the Sun and Mercury from this sign.

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The Summer Olympic games of 2016

Summer Olympic, Rio 2016

Up until today, the Summer Olympics have been held 27 times (6 editions in North America, 16 in Europe, 3 in Asia and 2 in Oceania). The Summer Olympic 2016 is unique for many reasons. Golf has been reinstated after a 112-year absence. The Rio 2016 games will be the first to feature Olympians born in the year 2000. The rule says, the Olympians must have been born before Jan. 1, 2003 with relaxation to certain games for health and safety reasons. A team of athletes (10 refugees) who were forced to flee their countries will compete under the Olympic flag. There are 7.5 million tickets, with prices ranging from $40 (for some swimming events) to almost $3000 (for the best seats at the opening ceremony). Organizers will prepare 60,000 meals per day to feed the athletes. Rio 2016 will appoint 70,000 volunteers. 'Taxistas' or Rio's taxi drivers were given opportunity to join a free English course. Total cost of Rio 2016 will mount up to €10.24 billion ((37.6 billion Brazilian Real) including €6.56 billion (24.1 billion Real) for the infrastructure of the city, € 1.77 billion (6.5 billion Real) for sports facilities and €1.91 billion (7 billion Real) for the operation and organization of the event.

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World Humanitarian Day also World Photography Day

World Humanitarian Day

World Humanitarian Day is one of the 148 international days currently observed by the United Nations. By a coincidence, August 19th is also observed as World Photography Day, because on August 19, 1839, the French Government announced the Invention of Photography as a gift "Free to the World." Since 2009, every year, this day is commemorated on different themes. The theme of 2010 was "We are Humanitarian Workers" which was based on the actual work and achievements of humanitarian workers in the field. Similarly, the 2011 campaign, "People Helping People" was about inspiring the spirit of aid work in everyone. The theme of 2014 was 'The World Needs More' and in 2015, it was about "Inspiring the World's Humanity".

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