Haiti's Chamber Of Deputies: The Lower House

There are two houses forming Haiti's bicameral legislature, one of which is the Lower House or the Chamber of Deputies. There are 99 members of the Lower House, all of whom have won with absolute majority during the last election. Members can serve a four-year term and they can keep on running for Chambers seats because there is no limit.


However, there are requirements that aspiring Lower House members must meet to become eligible to run for the seats. First of all, a candidate must be 25 years old at the time of registration. He/she should not have criminal records that eliminated his/her political and civil rights and he must be a Haitian citizen by birth. Mental illness, imprisonment, and undocumented immigrant status are among the factors that can disqualify an individual from the Lower House race. Members and executives of the Electoral Commission are ineligible as well.

In 2000, it can be recalled that former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's Fanmi Lavalas party holds the majority of the Chambers seats. When his government was deposed, an interim government was formed and the Chambers remained unfilled. Five years later, it was decided to revive the Chambers and the Senate but elections did not occur until 2006. Among the list of parties winning in the 2006 elections include Front for Hope, Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats and Christian National Union for the Reconstruction of Haiti.

The Lower House holds great power as it can veto and push for legislations. It also has the authority to call for the impeachment of the president.

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