Risk for Hepatitis, Malaria, Typhoid, Cholera, Rabies, Yellow Fever in Haiti

Vaccines protect travelers from serious diseases. Depending on where you travel, you may come into contact with diseases that are rare in your country. It is recommended to get vaccinated at least 4 to 6 weeks before you travel. This will give the vaccines time to start working, so you're protected while you're traveling. Travelers can get typhoid through contaminated food or water in Haiti. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends typhoid vaccine for most travelers, especially if you are staying with friends or relatives, visiting smaller cities or rural areas, or if you are an adventurous eater.

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Some of the vaccines and medicines that the CDC and WHO recommend that prepare travelers for Haiti are discussed here.

Cholera, Typhoid and Hepatitis A: These three diseases get transmitted through fecal-oral route via food and water.
Hepatitis B: This vaccine recommended for those who might be exposed to blood or other body fluids, or have unprotected sexual contact with the local population, or be exposed through medical treatment (e.g., for an accident or contaminated transfusions or through tattoo and piercing equipment, etc.).

Malaria: Malaria is transmitted through the bite of infected mosquito (female Anopheles).
Rabies: People with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) or who are vulnerable to mammal bites (including dogs, cats, bats, and other carnivores).

Yellow Fever: It is caused by bites of infected mosquitoes. There is no risk of yellow fever in Haiti. The government of Haiti requires proof of yellow fever vaccination only if you are arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever.
Dengue fever is endemic to Latin America and Haiti and can occur throughout the year. Cases of Malaria and Chikungunyaa virus have been confirmed in Haiti. Travelers should take steps to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. Travelers should have adequate travel health insurance and accessible funds to cover the cost of any medical treatment abroad and repatriation.

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