fraph - Haiti Observer Blog

FRAPH, Haiti Observer Blog. Read the following articles about FRAPH


Guy Malary Assassination

The 1990s was a long rough patch for Haiti and Guy Malary was one of the victims of that period in Haiti

The country was overwhelmed with chaos and violence due to political turmoil between the Haitian government under former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, during his first term in office, and several military leaders and groups. Thousands of individuals who advocated for change and for democracy lost their lives during this dark phase in Haitian politics. One of these noble men and women is Guy Malary.

Guy Malary was the former Justice Minister of Haiti, put into office by Aristide in 1991 and served until his untimely death in 1993. His term was Justice Minister was set in a country torn by violence and the thirst for control and power. He was given the very dangerous task of formulating and presenting laws and policies to the Haitian parliament's legislation that will divide the country's police from the military, a highly-sensitive issue during this time as the parliament was strongly divided with opposite opinions and stands regarding this suggested separation. Malary also sought for the implementation of the Governor's Island Accord and a positive change in Haiti's judicial system.

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Emmanuel "Toto" Constant and American Foreign Policy, Match Made in Hell

François Emmanuel "Toto" Constant, born in 1956, started FRAPH (Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haiti), a death squad in mid-1993, at the request of U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency officer, Col. Patrick Collins, after President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, unable to take office, had been exiled to South Africa. The intent of FRAPH was to gather intelligence to infiltrate and destroy the Aristide pro-democracy movement, terrorizing Aristide loyalists in the process.

In October 1993, Emmanuel assumed a major role in world affairs, when he and his FRAPH goons rioted at the Port-au-Prince port, as the USS Harlan, with a contingent of 200 soldiers and President Aristide aboard, attempted to dock at the pier. The USS Harlan was unable to deliver Aristide back to his country to rule, forestalling U.S. efforts to put Aristide back into power. Or so it seemed.

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Louis Jodel Chamblain

Louis Jodel Chamblain was born either in 1953 or 1954. He is a military leader who has won many medals in the army though to some he is a fraudulent war leader. In 1987, he allegedly headed government death squads that interrupted a planned election that would have marked the transition to civilian rule. In all, 34 voters were killed, and the election was cancelled.

Civilian elections did take place in 1990, in which Jean-Bertrand Aristide was elected, but a military coup in which Louis Jodel Chamblain was involved overthrew Aristide in 1991. He has undergone military training in the United States. Immediately following the coup, his reputation for brutality grew further as he is reported to have been responsible for thousands of murders of Aristide followers. He formed a paramilitary organization, the Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haiti (FRAPH), in 1993 as tensions grew between supporters of Aristide's reinstatement and supporters of the military government.

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The Massacre at Raboteau

The Massacre at Raboteau began April of 1991, pro-democracy candidate Jean-Bertrand Aristide won the Haitian presidency. Immediately following his victory, the de facto military dictatorship (FRAPH) Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haiti, obstructed Aristide's right to take office with a coup d'etat. In response, the citizens of Raboteau demonstrated, disseminated pro-Aristide literature, and even hid fugitives. During this overthrow of the nascent democratic government, FRAPH beat and killed 26 victims, according to News Haiti, but unofficial estimates put the total at 50.

In the same month, FRAPH invaded every home in Raboteau, arresting, beating and, sometimes, throwing their victims like garbage into open sewers. They also pursued those who escaped, stalking the citizens, arresting, torturing and/or shooting them. They even went so far as to commandeer citizen fishing vessels, shooting at escapees fleeing by sea. As a final malicious act, FRAPH refused to let victims' relatives claim their bodies.

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Professor Jean-Claude Bajeux is Dead

A defender of Human rights in Haiti lost his own battle. Professor Jean-Claude Bajeux, died on Friday, August 5, 2011. According to a family member, he died of lung cancer at home Port-au-Prince.

His political and social activist movement started in 1964 when Jean-Claude Bajeux was forced into exile under the Duvalier regime, after attempting to organize Haiti's Catholic clergy in protest of the expulsion of the Jesuit order.

He became leader of the political party Konakom and a supporter of former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.

Jean-Claude Bajeux and his family left Haiti in October 1993 due to threats made on his life. He was harassed by members of the Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haiti, known as FRAPH. He returned to Haiti in 1994 until his death. Professor Jean-Claude Bajeux died on Friday, August 5, 2011, at his house.

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Jean Pierre Batiste AKA Jean Tatoune announced manifestation

With the nomination of Bernard Gousse hanging in the air, some popular names have surfaced. According to Jean Pierre Batiste, better known as Jean Tatoune is threatening manifestation in the streets of Haiti if the Senate does not ratify Bernard Gousse as Prime Minister. The site further reported that Jean Tatoune said that he wants the senators to hear him clearly because as he stated: " I will not tell the Senators twice".

Doesn't this sound like an order to you?

Mr. Jean Pierre Batiste AKA Jean Tatoune thinks that the country has gone for too long without a Prime Minister and feels that it comes to a point where he must use his power to get things done.

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