The population of the city of Jeremie is out on the streets this Wednesday, November 28, 2012. They are setting Barricades in the streets, blocking traffics and setting tires on fire.
They are protesting against the abandonment of the construction work by the construction company OAS. The road work joining the cities of Cayes and Jérémie has been stopped for several months.
The protest started yesterday. Schools and majorities of business are close. Some arrests have been made. Many people are injured with. The local police has not been able to manage the crowd so far.
In Haiti, security has always been a problem due to the lack of it. To address the issue, the Haitian government, in the entity of its senators, assigned the former director of the judicial police, Godson Orelus, to be the new Director General of the National Police of Haiti (PNH). Of the 18 senators, 17 were in favor of this presidential decree while only 1 senator abstained. Orelus replaced Mario Andresol for the position.
Earlier this month, Godson Orelus was officially given his new position and office in a ceremony at the PNH Police Academy. It was attended by Haitian Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe, Minister of Justice and Public Security Jean Renel Sanon, several high-ranking officials of the PNH, civil and religious officials and personalities, as well as the representatives of several international institutions, organizations, and other nations.
Almost 80 national police officers in Haiti are up for dismissal for being involved in various controversies and issues. This is a process called Vetting. This was confirmed by a report submitted by the United Nations Mission for Stabilization in Haiti (MINUSTAH), recommending the dismissal of certain police officers. The report was given to Justice Minister Jean Renel Sanon and Chief of Police Godson Orelus.
Haiti National Police spokesman Frantz Lerebours said that the police officers will be fired for various offences such as corruption, dereliction of duty, human rights violations and insubordination, among others. The vetting report said that some police officers are accused of corruption because of the fact that they live a lifestyle that is unreasonable for the amount of salary they get.
What happens with the Former Director General of the National Police of Haiti?
There have been numerous rumors on the web that Mr. Mario Andresol has been under House Arrest in Haiti and is not able to live the country.
What does Mario Andresol have to say on that? "I am not on house arrest", according to the former DG of Haiti National Police in an interview with reporter Marie Lucie Bonhomme on Radio Vision 2000
"Mezanmi, Ayisyen Remin Fè Zin"
On Monday, November 13, 2012 Haitian students continued their demonstration over the death of one of their owns. This was the third day of non stop protest, where students are demanding justice for the death of Damael d'Haiti, a student shot and killed by a police officer over the weekend at the School of Law and Social Sciences in Port-au-Prince.
"En Ayiti, Jistis Se moun Ki Ba Tet ou Sa..."
Haitian police and CIMO surrendering the protesters, blocked their exit from the law school, and fired tear gas. It has been reported that many people were affected by the gas. Children returning from school as well as other people going about their activities were affected.
Stéphanie Balmir Villedrouin, Haiti's Minister of Tourism, has been promoting Haiti as a popular tourist destination in the U.S. and Canada lately. Now in another effort to make Haiti a comfortable travel destination, she is proposing a Tourist Police force to monitor streets and sidewalks, adjacent to restaurants, hotels, and other tourist spots in Haiti. Recently, she held meetings with airport o¬fficials to deploy an escort service to deliver travelers from the airport to the front steps of their hotels.
Villedrouin wants the Tourist Police to keep panhandlers at bay, when tourists are visiting any tourist spot. Why she asks, should tourists be asked to subsidize our homeless on Haiti's streets? The begging for money has got to stop, she insists.
The National Police of Haiti has received tools that can help it prevent road accidents. Ambassador of France in Haiti Didier Le Bret handed over a set of speed radars and breathalyzers to the police. The devices are expected to help in the police's efforts to curb down the number of road accidents in the country.
The turnover was made at a ceremony that marked the end of a two-week road safety training conducted by gendarmes and the United Nations Police. During the training, Haitian officials were taught how to properly use the speed radars and breathalyzers which can help the authorities nab people driving under the influence of alcohol.
The Haitian National Police (HNP) is an independent agency force that was originally organized under the directorship of the Haitian Army during Jean-Claude Duvalier's rule. By 1995 the Haitian Army was dissolved; and the HNP became an independent policing agency.
Once Haiti had retired its army by 1995, Port-au-Prince and rural areas were left without adequate police protection. What happened next has been the single biggest factor to prevent the HNP from being an effective policing body. Former military officers (MO) of the Haitian Army infiltrated and have since influenced the politics of Haiti National Police, particularly in the area of human rights, an essential part of modern law enforcement.
The Haitian Coast Guard (HCG), a division of the Haitian National Police, operates as a police department at sea, while performing coast guard operations. Two decades after the Haitian Navy became obsolete; the HCG was organized with two small defense boats and an American yacht. Over the years, the U.S. leased the HCG several sea vessels. When any of the vessels were destroyed in conflict, the U.S. sent replacements.
During Duvalier's reign in 1970, newer vessels, leased by the U.S. to Haitian Coast Guard, experienced revolts aboard ship, and bombed the Presidential Palace in the capital of Port-au-Prince. Forced to retreat to Guantanamo Bay, the U.S. reclaimed the vessels, but then returned them to Haiti, much to the elation of Duvalier. He designated the HCG as the Haitian Navy and tried to develop it into a more formidable operation, but failed. The U.S. continued leasing vessels to the HCG as well as reclaiming boats with expired leases.
The Haitian National Police has had a troubled history. Organized under the Haitian Army during Duvalier's rule, its failure to fulfill proposals made by the 1987 Constitution was barred by political turmoil. It suffered from few policing resources and was burdened with responsibilities for drug and border patrol enforcement. Infiltration of its ranks by disgruntled former military officers prevented it from being effective in human rights enforcement.
Both the U.S. and UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti have poured money and resources into building up the HNP's enforcement and administrative capabilities. HNP, with outside help, has managed to build a foundation of basic administrative services under the Central Directorate of the Administrative Police (DCPA).
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