September 12, U. N. Day For South-South Cooperation
"South-South Cooperation (SSC)" is a term to describe the exchange of resources, technology, and knowledge between developing countries themselves, with active participation from public- and private-sector institutions, non-governmental organizations and individuals. Such countries are also known as countries of the Global South. The Global North is comprised of North America, Western Europe followed by the developed countries of East Asia, whereas the Global South encompasses Africa, Latin America, and the developing economies of Asia and the Middle East. SSC can take place on a bilateral, regional, subregional or interregional basis. It emphasizes horizontal and mutual cooperation than vertical donor-recipient approach to aid giving. With the first growth of the developing countries, SSC has more responsibility to deliver towards the future of international development. The North with one-fifth of the world population controls over four fifths of the global world economy.
"South-South Cooperation" is one of the most effective ways to ensure development and alleviate poverty in the South as it decreases the dependency on donor countries in the north. It supports self-reliance through innovative technology while strengthening local and regional partners in development. Since the international intervention in 2004, two distinct Southern groupings have been working in Haiti: Argentina, Brazil and Chile (the so-called ABC countries) and the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas (ALBA) led by Venezuela. However, with their different approaches, distinct strengths and weaknesses, their fundamental improvement over the North-South Cooperation (NSC) has remained a big question. The eleven member countries of ALBA in order of joining since 14 December 2004 are: Venezuela, Cuba, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Dominica, Ecuador, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Lucia, Grenada and the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis.
The United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC) manages the United Nations Fund for South-South Cooperation (UNFSSC). South-South cooperation today expands beyond mere humanitarian assistance and goodwill endeavors. Brazil's cooperation with Haiti, especially in the health area, was scaled up following the devastating 2010 earthquake. Brazil has led the United Nations peace-keeping process (MINUSTAH) in Haiti since 2004
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