Haiti among major illicit drug-producing or drug-transit countries

United States President, Barack Obama, is mandated by the tenets of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act (FRAA) to furnish Congress with a list of those countries he believes are major players in the production of illicit drugs or the transit of drugs each year. This so-called "Blacklist" informs Congress of those countries which could pose a significant threat to the fight against drugs in the United States.


Making the list this year are 22 countries. Alphabetically, they are: Afghanistan, the Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Burma, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Laos, Mexico, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. Of the list, three countries were described as having "failed demonstrably", Bolivia, Burma, and Venezuela.

Haiti's inclusion on this list of 22 but not on the short list of three, though of concern, shows that the country is one of those which shows a level of cooperation with the U.S. where counter efforts to combat the trade of illegal drugs and narcotics is concerned. The list, it is said, does not reflect this factor, but rather, can show a country's commercial, geographic, and economic factors that permit the development of a sizeable drug trade, from production through to trafficking. Only when a country does not carry out its responsibilities under the agreements and conventions of international counternarcotics does it fail demonstrably and expose itself to sanctions and a damaged status with the U.S.

Even at that point, as is the case with the three such-labelled countries, the FRAA provisions allow for the use of aid programs to give support to the countries that need to upgrade their current measures.

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