Dominican Court Ruling
Haiti's past with the Dominican Republic has been a long, arduous and often bloody one. The two countries share the island of Hispaniola, but little much else is common between them. Their ethnicities are different, with Haitians being more directly of African descent and those from the Dominican Republic more of a mixed race (73%). The difference is also apparent in their languages, Haitians speaking Creole and French and the Dominican Republic residents speaking Spanish and Creole.
Many speculate that the greatest disparity, that of prosperity, was the reason behind the controversial 2013 court ruling that has now seen nearly 15,000 Haitians deported from the Dominican Republic. Though roughly 20 million inhabit the island, half of the number occupy Haiti, which takes up only 1/3rd of the island. The other 2/3rd is inhabited by those of the neighbor country numbering roughly the same amount in population. Also, The Dominican Republic has a GDP that is eight times the size of Haiti's per year: $106 billion to Haiti's $13.5 billion.
The government of Haiti (GOH) is maintaining a stance to avoid applying sanctions against the Dominican Republic (DR) for its High Court ruling to displace up to 250,000 Haitians of illegal immigrants. The DR is willfully withholding identity documents for Haitians born in the DR, retroactive to 1929.
The GOH delayed its response to the ruling, but has finally come forward to say it wishes to maintain close ties with the DR. However, CARICOM has suspended the DR's membership in the regional Caribbean body. CARICOM will consider reabsorbing the DR if a bi-lateral commission can resolve the issue of the deportation of Haitians. In response, the DR has refused to continue discussions with Haiti since their suspensation from CARICOM.
I have it up to my mouth with the Dominican Republic. Here is the latest. According to the economist and Dominican ambassador Hugo Guilliani Cury, "Haiti is a failed State and as such creates serious problems for the Dominican Republic"' that "Democracy does not work in failed States like Haiti"
Do you want to hear where it becomes more interesting?
He proposed that the donor States create a "partnership for development" and I assume that he sees the Dominican republic as on of such partners.
Mwen ginyin ra dyol ak Dominikin sa yo ki panse ke peyiyo tres byen et ke tout problem yo se paske you patage ti zile sa avek Ayiti.
There is a proverb that states: You know your true friends in time of need". If this statement is to hold in the case of Haiti, so far, we can mention two very good friends: Venezuela as Cuba. These two leaders have come out publicly to support the Haitian people when we need them the most.
Warning from Nicolas Maduro: "Whoever messes with Haiti messes with Venezuela". This is the strongest possible way to come out in favor of the cause of the Haitian people. For that, the Haitian people will for ever remember Nicolas Maduro.
The president of Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro, has come out strong on the side of Haiti. He said that he has mediated a dialogue between Haiti and the Dominican Republic for the past Month so that they could restart bilateral talks.
These talks are to focus on: trade, border security, migration and the recent Constitutional Court ruling that removed citizenship to Dominicans with origin.
According to Maduro, Haitians and Venezuelans are unconditional brothers. He further referred to Haitians as their older and dear brothers and "whoever messes with Haiti messes with Venezuela".
Nicolas Maduro said that his government would appoint a special envoy to monitor and mediate the current conflict between Haiti and Dominican Republic to make sure that Haitian people are guaranteed their fundamental rights.
I wish I coud hear what the two leaders were talking about. Dominican President Danilo Medina and Haitian President Michel Martelly met in Caracas for the Petrocaribe energy cooperation and ALBA summit. They probably talked about everything but the effect of the recent Dominican court ruling that could strip citizenship from people of Haitian descent.
A pictue is worth a thousand words. Take a look at the video below
Based on the video and picture of the two leaders seeing after their meeting, one can think that that there is no issue between Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
Demonstrating how ingrained the prejudice those from the Dominican Republic feel against their Haitian neighbors is, hundreds of placard bearing demonstrators took to the streets of their capital to show their support for the Constitutional Court ruling made on September 23, 2013 that would see many thousands of people of Haitian descent, who currently hold, and have held as far back as the 1920's Dominican Republic resident status, stripped of their citizenship.
Going further, the mass also called for the erection of a wall to permanently separate their country from Haiti, with whom they share the island of Hispaniola. During the gathering they sang their national anthem and waved their flag to show their patriotism. The coalition's intent was, perhaps, to give affirmation to their government that their constitutional change was in line with the want of the population, in the midst of international outcry that the move is offensive and contrary to the statutes of a civilized country.
The Dominican Republic (DR) Court ruling, depriving descendents of Haitian migrants citizenship, has created uproar among the international community. The UN, foreign heads of state, human rights groups, and the U.S. Dominican Diaspora are calling out the government to reverse its decision.
What the Court ruling does is take away descendents of illegal immigrants their birthrights by refusing to grant them their birth documents. Not having birth certificates means the possibility of losing voting rights, basic services, and education opportunities.
A coalition of activist organizations has written John Kerry, U.S. Secretary State, prevailing upon him to use his position to urge the DR to reverse the Court ruling. Within the DR, Dominicanos Por Dereche, another coalition organization, is planning national protests to force the government's hand. Local communities are posting on social media, targeting the DR's $5 billion tourism industry. They are asking tourists to boycott travel to the DR, comparing the Court ruling to South Africa's former practice of apartheid.
Here is the video of the speech delivered by Haitian President Michel Martelly at the CARICOM recently. The speech actually contributed to the final decision of the Caribbean Community to defer a Dominican request to become a member of the trade bloc.
We need to give credit to where credit is due.
President Michel Martelly defended the nation very elegantly at CARICOM.
One day following the the CARICOM decision, Dominican Republic announced that they would no longer meet with Haitian officials to talk about a court ruling.
The controversy over the Dominican Republic (DR) High Court ruling may cause DR natural-born citizens of Haitian descent to become stateless continues to raise ire in the international community.
Dr. Gonsalves, St. Vincent Prime Minister, wants the DR excluded from CARIFORUM. He has informed DR President Medina that Gonsalves has advised Venezuelan President Maduro to ban the DR's participation in PetroCaribe. Gonsalves added if the DR did not force the Court to rescind its ruling when the PetroCaribe Summit took place, he would put the issue on the agenda for discussion.
General La Rocque, Secretary of CARICOM, commented the ruling brings to the fore ". . . a serious question . . ." regarding the situation of natural-born citizens of Haitian descent. Gonsalves wrote Danilo the ruling was "unacceptable in any civilized community."
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