Haiti has the highest rates of infant mortality under-five and maternal mortality in the Western hemisphere.
Injuries which account for (66%) are by far the most common cause of death in children aged 1 to 5 year. Over 2,000 Haitian children a year are trafficked to the Dominican Republic, often with the consent of their parents. Several thousands are working as messengers, spies and even soldiers for armed gangs and are subject to abuse and death.
Lack of access to basic health-care services is the next leading cause for Haiti high child mortality rate. Illnesses associated with infant mortality in Haiti include Diarrhea, malaria, tuberculosis, respiratory infections and HIV/AIDS.
While the primary reason for maternal mortality Caribbean is hemorrhage(23%), followed by hypertension(22%), in Haiti it is different. The main cause of maternal death in Haiti is preeclamsia/eclampsia at an alarming rate of (37.5%), followed by hemorrhage at (22%).
Preeclampsia/ eclampsia are the development or worsening of high blood pressure during pregnancy. The symptoms of preeclampsia are seizures. This condition can develop any time from 20 weeks into the pregnancy until weeks after delivery.
Often, as blood pressure continues to climb higher, this may cause the placenta to separate from the wall of the uterus, causing severe bleeding and even death of the fetus and possibly the mother.
We are aware that infant mortality in Haiti is at an alarming rate, the highest in the Caribbean. Maternal Mortality is yet another problem that the country must deal wit more effectively.
The maternal mortality ratio in Haiti in 2013 was 380 per 100,000 live births which was evaluated at more than 1000 maternal deaths. This was an official number. Considering how difficult it is to come up with real numbers, the actual rate of maternal death could be much more. Again this ratio is much higher in Haiti than in other regions in the Caribbean
Haiti is once again leading the region. The country has been ranked poorly for lacking in the care provided to its newly born children. Haiti has been classified as having the highest rates of infant, under-five and maternal mortality in the Western hemisphere.
The Haiti child mortality rate was at a level of 69 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2015. It came down from 71 deaths per 1,000 live births of 2014. In 2005, the same rate was 90. This rate is often used as an indicator in rating a country's overall health. Overall, the infant mortality rate of the world is 42.09 according to CIA World Factbook.
If you don't believe that there is a problem with the current rate of population increase in Haiti, think again. As of 2016, the current population in Haiti was estimated at 10,485,800. The population is currently growing at a rate of 1.71%. This growth rate already take into consideration the effects of excess mortality, lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and higher death rates.
The birth rate, in 2016 was estimated at 23.3 births/1,000 population while the death rate was at 7.7 deaths/1,000 population. The Median age in Haiti is 22.6 years.
Furthermore, the biggest segment of the Haitian population are people between the ages 25-54 that represents 36.24% of the entire population. The next biggest segment are children between 0 and 14 that represent 33.39% of the population.
Haitian rebel leader Guy Philippe was sentenced to nine years in prison in Miami federal court today (Wednesday June 21, 2017). He was found guilty for accepting bribes to protect cocaine smugglers who used Haiti to ship drugs to the United States.
Philippe who is now 49 years old will be free when he becomes 58 years old. He will have plenty of time to continue with his political dream.
As you may remember, Guy pleaded guilty two months ago to drug related money laundering. That decision allowed him to avoid going to trial for drug trafficking which would likely put him to prison for life
Jovenel Moise is relying on US Startup Sigora International and Romanian native Andy Bogdan Bindea to make that dream a reality. He wants to prove to the world that he can develop this new technology in the poorest region of the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. He is banking
Sigora's founder and CEO Andy Bindea says: "Proving this technology in Haiti basically says it's doable anywhere else in the world"
Recently, Sigora Haiti, raised $2.5 million to expand its existing grid that has been serving 1,000 accounts serving 5,000 people in Haiti, to a network that will serve tens of thousands more in solar power. Once the entire first phase of the Northwest Haiti electrification project is complete, a venture budgeted at $10 million, the micro-utility will serve 27,000 accounts and 136,000 customers.
Électricité d'Haïti(ED'H), Haiti State owned electricity company provides the lowest coverage of electricity in the Western Hemisphere. It only provides electricity to approximately 12.5% of the population
This is due essentially to a combination issues. The government charges high electricity tariffs on Haitian customers who many of which believe in non-payment for electricity services. In addition, there is a low base of metered customers on top of widespread electricity theft and an inefficient and decrepit electricity network
Many sectors of the population become unproductive due to lack of electricity. Government employees need electricity to deliver necessary services. It is the same for the entertainment industry, Police, hospitals just to name a few.
Folks, this is something that should be recorded. Haitian President Jovenel Moise testified that all Haiti will have electricity, 24 hour a day, 7 days a week between 18 and 24 months from now. According to Moise, ""I've given myself 18 to 24 months for Haiti to have electricity 24 hours around the clock".
This is not the first time that this ambitious promise to bring 24 hours electricity to Haiti was made. Few years ago, we heard similar promise from former Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe. However, it did not materialize
Jovenel Moise did not explain how his cash-strapped government plans to pay for 24 hours electricity. He only spoke of prioritizing production and making Haitians pay for energy upfront.
Next to children, elderly people are the most vulnerable group in the population. There are six major types of abuse often found within he elderly population.
1. Physical abuse. This is an intentional, non-accidental use of force against an elderly person that results in physical pain, injury, or impairment.
2. Emotional abuse characterized by Verbal intimidation and ridicule through yelling or threats. Blaming or scapegoating also fall into this category.
3. Psychological abuse is by nature non-verbal. Example of psychological abuse includes: ignoring the elderly person or isolating him/her from friends or activities. also terrorizing or menacing the person.
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