The Haitian revolution that started in August in 1791, defeated Napoleon's army in 1803 in what has become known as the most successful slave revolt in history.
This Haitian revolution created the first independent state in Latin America and the first black-led nation in the world. One of the many beneficiaries of this successful revolt is the United States of America.
Before the Haitian Revolution, Saint-Domingue(Haiti), the must successful colony for France at the time was furnishing 40 percent of the world's sugar.
Haiti played a critical role in the independence of the United states. As an allied to America during the American revolution, France used Saint-Domingue(Haiti) as a critical way station for French military assistance to United States. In addition, thousands of French troops from Saint-Domingue helped take Savannah.
In 1791, when slaves in Saint Domingue (now Haiti) started their revolt that ultimately lead to their independence, many whites and free Blacks left the island. Many adopted Cuba as their new home; however, many more went on to settle in New Orleans. By 1809, the number of Haitians who landed in New Orleans was estimated at 10,000.
The new immigrants, including some 3,100 free persons of color, reshaped the society. Over concerns by the American government that these new free persons of color would spread a revolution
The immigrants from saint Domingue were specially helpful after the great fire of 1794 in the City of New Orleans, for their contribution in rebuilding.
On May 11, 2017: Haitian Workers Shut Down Industrial park SONAPI in Haiti, demanding higher wages. What did they want exactly? One, Their demanded a minimum wage adjustment from 350 Gourdes ($5.50 US) to 800 Gourdes ($12.60) per day. In addition, they want meals, transportation, housing subsidies. They also want that production quotas do not increase with the increased minimum wage.
Recent report would suggested that SONAPI as well as Caracol Industrial Parks have been doing very well. As per "Lenouvelliste'", production at Caracol Industrial Park increased by 154% for the third quarter (July-September 2014).
The real rate of unemployment in Haiti is around three quarters of the population despite the government record shows it at 40%.
Haiti remains a country that is defenseless to natural disasters, food shortage, unemployment, poverty, major health problems and many other issues. In addition, actual government is weak or non-existent in many aspects.
The Underprivileged neighborhoods are as a result, marginalized. Individuals or people living in these communities are often blocked from their rights, opportunities and available resources. Absence of opportunities causes insecurity. Imagine someone waking up and doesn't know how he/she is going to feed himself / herself or the family.
As a result, insecurity becomes a daily thing, an integral part of life. It is not a big deal if gang members decide to create panic in such environment. The nation will survive if gangs are fighting in a particular area and the children are unable to attend class. We do not make a federal case out of this if for instance some poor children are shot. In some cased it is not even a news worthy event.
According to the Episcopal Commission for Justice and Peace, increase in insecurity in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince is alarming. For the month of April, 16 deaths were registered, 13 of them with bullets and 3 by knife. For the month of May, also 16 deaths were recorded. However, just for the first week of June, 27 people were killed.
This resurgence of insecurity in the capital was at the center of an important meeting of the Superior Council of the National Police (CSPN).
The Director General of the Haitian National Police (PNH), Michel-Ange Gédéon, was quick to underline that most of these killings were perpetrated by criminals recently released from jails. He asserted that the PNH will continue to track down these criminals.
Haiti is considered a country with the worst transport system in the Caribbean. Here is a partial list of the reasons:
Traffic is usually chaotic with roads generally unmarked. Lanes are not marked and there are many roads with no signs to indicate the direction of traffic flow.
Some drivers do not have Driver's License. They use Receipt of citation when stopped by the Police.
Not all drivers use turn indicators or international hand signals properly.
A major road accident occurred on Saturday in Cavaillon. A truck crashed against a wall due to break failure. It took the lives of 12 people, over 30 were severely injured. The injured were taken to the hospital in Les Cayes for treatment.
Was this an accident? At least this is what the people and the Haitian authorities present at the scene stated.
To be honest with you, this was not an accident. Maybe by saying that it was an accident, it removes the responsibility from those who are in fact responsible and should be paying the consequences for death of 12 people and the medical cost of over 30 more.
Do you remember few months ago, there was a plan to send 500 metric tons of surplus U.S. peanuts to feed 140,000 malnourished Haitian schoolchildren?
It is clear that just like imported rice killed the local rice production in Haiti, the same thing would happen with local peanut production. Haitifs own peanut market stands to lose big when surplus peanuts from the United States are flown in as food aid.
On paper, it seems to be a great goodwill gesture from the United States as they are feeding malnourished Haitian schoolchildren. In reality, this is no other than crop dumping
Following the crippling Hurricane Matthew on October 2016, Black Lives Matter(BLM) Cambridge partnered with a number of Haitian organizations (Vertiver, Kouraj, and Kolectif Kay Kok- Sakage) to send aids to a number of grassroots associations. BLM has extended long term support by supplying resources to repair damaged homes, install solar posts, and provide water purifiers and donated specific items like LED lamps, solar panels, water filters, etc for as many communities as possible.
Black Lives Matter is a chapter-based national organization in the United states that is working for the validity of Black life. It is a call to action and a response to the virulent anti-Black racism that permeates the United States of America. It was was created in 2012 after 17-year old Trayvon Martin's murderer, George Zimmerman, was acquitted for his crime.
In 2016, Haiti's public debt at $ 2,771 million reached 33.5% of Haitian GDP and that translates to $255 per individual citizen. As per recent reports (dated May 27, 2017), the national and international debt of the Republic of Haiti hovers around US$3 billion out of which $1 billion represents internal debt and $2 billion of external one.
An 'External Debt' (or foreign debt) is the total debt of a country due to the foreign creditors while an 'Internal Debt' (or domestic debt) is the part of the total government debt in a country that is owed to lenders within the country.
If we compare this debt amount with other neighboring Caribbean countries, we might understand the relative soundness and solvency of the Haitian economy.
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